流体机械

2010, v.38;No.462(12) 9-12+40

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离心泵汽蚀性能改善与基于CFD的汽蚀性能预测研究
Research on Improving Cavitation Performance and based on CFD of Centrifugal Pump

叶晓琰;丁亚娜;胡敬宁;张军辉;
YE Xiao-yan,DING Ya-na,HU Jing-ning,ZHANG Jun-hui(Jiangsu University,Zhenjiang 212013,China)

摘要(Abstract):

针对石化装置中高温减压塔底泵工作环境苛刻、汽蚀性能要求高的问题,对泵进行提高汽蚀性能改进设计,设计出两种两组水力模型。用CFX对3种工况两种相位的内部流场进行了数值模拟。模拟结果表明第一组水力模型汽蚀性能较优,制作成实型泵,并对整机进行汽蚀试验。当Q=406m3/h时,临界汽蚀余量CFD预测值为3.74m,试验值为4.02m,误差相差不大,达到了设计要求。CFD技术能够较准确预测离心泵汽蚀性能。
In petrochemical industry the working environment of vacuum tower bottom pump is harsh and its cavitation requirement is high.In view of this problem,the pump and made two groups of hydraulic model was designed.CFX was used to calculate flows under three discharges in two phase motion patterns.The simulation results show that the first hydraulic model is better than the second,so the first hydraulic model was made into full mold and also test was done.When Q=406m3/h,the predicted critical NPSH is 3.74m,while the test critical NPSH is 4.02m,which meet the design commands and the deviation is not large.This shows that CFD technology is helpful on performance prediction of centrifugal pumps.

关键词(KeyWords): 减压塔底泵;汽蚀;双吸叶轮;CFD;汽蚀试验
vacuum tower bottom pump;cavitation;double-suction impeller;CFD;cavitation test

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作者(Author): 叶晓琰;丁亚娜;胡敬宁;张军辉;
YE Xiao-yan,DING Ya-na,HU Jing-ning,ZHANG Jun-hui(Jiangsu University,Zhenjiang 212013,China)

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